Lakki Marwat, previously a part of District Bannu was upgraded as a separate District on 01.07.1992.
District Lakki Marwat is placed between D.I.Khan to its South and Bannu District to its North. It touches the boundaries of District Karak to its North as well Tank to its South. Mianwali District (Punjab) lies to the East of Lakki while to the West, it happens with Tribal belt of F.R, Bhittani area. It has an area of 3164 Sq. KM equal to 778330 Acres.
District Lakki Marwat is situated at the southern side of the Province. The Southern boundary of the valley is formed by a semi Circle range of low hills i.e. the Marwat range near Pezu which extends from Dara Tang Pass to Sheikh Badin (Dara Pezu).
- HISTORY & CULTURE
(UNDER & AFTER BRITISH RULE)
The Marwat presently living in the district of Lakki Marwat, belong to the ‘Mattizai’ or Mattizee branch of the great Pashtoons. The Pashtoons can broadly be divided into five main branches i.e. the Bhittanis, the Ghurgh (Ashtees), the sarbanees, the Kirlanris and the Mattizees. The Marwat descendants of Lohan are also known as the Speen Lohani, (the white Lohani). They originally lived in Katawaz, Afghanistan. According to the late distribution of the Province, Katawaz lies in the province of Paktia in Afghanistan.
The Marwat thus migrated to Damans (the present Day Tank, D.I. Khan Division). They consequently settled down in the area of Daman. But the warrior tribe did not settle peacefully and took to new feuds with their cousins the Katti Khels and others. The Marwat temporarily camped around the Pezu Pass, attacked Tank with full might and drove the Katti Khels out of it, who later, with the hope of the Gandapurs recaptured their area, repulsing the Marwat through Baini Pass to Pezu.
The Niazis, a cousin tribe of the Lohanis lived in, that is at present known as Lakki. Their abode was at the northern Bank of Gambila and Kurram Rivers. The plans at the right bank were used as their meadows.
It was during the early years of the reign of Akbar (1556-1605) when the Marwat raided the Niazis with full force and eventually drove them towards their present abode Isa Khel (Tarna) District Mianwali.
The Marwat practically remained independent during the Mughal, Persian and Afghan reigns. They provided as many as 200 mounted “Sawars” for the Army of Ahmad Shah Durrani (1759) while was on his way to Punjab via Bannu arming to invade India. The territory of the Marwat came under the kingdom of Afghanistan and was ruled by the Durrani Kings for more than 70 years, but practically they remained independent.
In the beginning of 19th century the Marwat fell and easy prey to severe disunity and were engaged in internal feuds. Nawab Hafiz Ahmad Khan of Mankera (Now in the district of Bhakkar) took advantage of the distracted state of the Marwat and captured the area in 1819. He however, had to abandon his hold of the area in favour of the Sikhs in 1823 after retaining it for more than four years.
In 1836, Maharaja Ranjeet Singh formally annexed Marwat completely. According to Edwards, Reynell Taylor captured the Marwat area thus putting an end to the Sikh rule over the area and establishing to British rule on 11.1.1948.
The Marwat arrived in this area, during the early years of the reign of King Akbar (1556-1605). In 1844, one Malik Fateh Khan Tiwana built and garrisoned a small fort in the heart of Marwat and was induced by threat and promises many of the leading classes to settle near it. He called his town Ihsan Pur later known as Lakki. It continued to be the capital of Marwat until 1864, when owing to a flood in the Gambila River and the never ending plaque of mosquitoes due to its situation near marshy apex of Kurram and Gambila Rivers.
Major Urmston, the then Deputy Commissioner, allowed its inhabitants to flit across to the right bank of the Gambila and settled amongst the sandy cluster of villages named Mina Khel, Khoidad Khel and Syed Khel (Now Lakki city) was abandoned. New Lakki then comprising the three villages just mentioned and those who settled in their midst in 1864.
At the annexation of Punjab in 1849, trans-Indus portion of Mianwali and Dera Ismail Khan were formed into a district with the Headquarters at Bannu. Lt. Reynell Taylor was appointed as the very first Deputy Commissioner of the District. Dera Jat came into being on Ist January1861, after breaking up of the Layyah Division. District Bannu, which was constituted the same year, was divided into two Tehsils of Bannu and Lakki. Lakki Marwat became sub Division of Bannu District in October 1950 and upgraded as independent District on Ist July 1992.
- GEOLOGY & PHYSICAL FEATURE
Geo-physically, Lakki Marwat is divided into two parts, Pakka i.e. Terra Firma and Shagga i.e. Sandy. The Pakka is on the Western side, which is good for cultivation. All of this area lying to Serai Naurang side of Gambila River is well irrigated through Civil Canal and is well cultivated. The other part of Pakka lying between Gambila and Dara Pezu is partly irrigated by Marwat Canal, which is fed by Baran Dam, Bannu. As the word suggests, it is rain water accumulated and released periodically. This water supply is both in-adequate and un-certain particularly during drought. A limited area adjoining Tajazai is provided water for irrigation through a lift irrigation scheme situated near Gambila Bridge at Main Bannu-D.I.Khan Highway road.
Shagga, the other part of Lakki lying to the Eastern side of the district, is sandy and arid. Devoid of irrigation water it grows only harvest of gram and wheat.
RIVERS & STREAMS: There are many Rivers & Streams are Marwat Canal, Civil Canal, Kurram River, Gambila River, Lora Nullah, Kharoba Nullah, Longer, Chunai Nara, Tora Khura Chall & different springs, while there is no Lake or Marshes in the district.
During the flood season, there is of most susceptibility to flood in the district especially in Lakki city, Wanda Amir, Umer Titter Khel, Wanda Kotana and Wanda Painda Khan, which causes partial damages.
CLIMATIC CONDITION: The climate of the entire Lakki Marwat district is arid to semi, Sub tropical and receives 8”-14” annual precipitation. The temperature distribution is almost the same all over the district. The climate of the district is hot in summer and cold in winter. High temperature is recorded in June and July i.e. 35c to 45c. The coldest months of the year are December, January and February and temperature usually ranges from 5c to 8c.
HEIGHT: It lies at height of MSL – 565 Feet = 171.2 Meters from the Sea Level.
FORESTRY: As the climate of entire Lakki Marwat district is arid to semi and receive 8”- 14” annual precipitation, vast areas of Lakki district are sand dunes. Shahbaz Khel, Titter Khel, Chowar Khel, Dhodha, Abba Khel, Darra Tang, Qabul Khel, Tajazai and Ghazni Khel are even deprived of drinking water facilities. Despite the fact these are high potential areas for Agriculture. Yet the scarcity of water is one of the major limiting factors for the low productivity for below the optimal level of production.
IRRIGATION: Here the source of irrigation is Canal System, lift Irrigation System, Rod Kohi and Irrigation Tube Wells etc. Besides this Kurram and Gambila rivers are also irrigating a portion of the lands. These sources also serve for drinking purpose. The main crops of the district are Wheat, Gram, Maize, Sugar Cane, Vegetable, Fruits, Dates, Melon and Water melon etc. The land is irrigated by Marwat Canal (runs down in the middle of the district but the difficulty is that less than 1/10 of water released in the canal from Baran Dam can thanks to seepage, reaches the tail) from Baran Dam and Kachkot Canal from River Kurram. Tube wells and lift irrigation system also irrigate small portion of the land. The success or otherwise of the harvest depends upon the vagaries of nature i.e. timely rain is the only hope for the farmers. People of the area are very industrious and most are employed in Agriculture sector.
AGRICULTURE: Agriculture is the main economic activity of District Lakki Marwat. Farming in this area is predominantly rainfed and hence risk prone. About 74% of total arable land is rainfed while the rest 26 % land is irrigated. Textural composition of 75 % of the available soil is sandy. While, the rest of the soil ranges from heavy clay to clay loam, saline and water logged. Rainfall is low and erratic. Annual rainfall ranges between 250-300 mm. Agriculture in the area is characterized by small farm holdings. Farm machinery like Tractor, tiller, plough, thresher etc is used for land preparation, sowing Gram and Sugarcane. It is heartening to note that this district has the distinction of being major production zone of Gram crop in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Farming community in the irrigated tract is using, to some extent, the seed of improved varieties of crops, chemical fertilizers and pesticides, but in the rainfed area, inherently low yielding local varieties, negligible amount of chemical fertilizers and pesticides etc are being used. Major source of irrigation is canal but Tube Wells, Lift Pumps and Wells also irrigate some areas, Rod Kohi system of irrigation is also under practice in southern parts of the district i.e. Abdul Khel, Shah Hassan Khel and Nizami etc. Mostly cultivable area is utilized for single crop throughout the year except limited portion (1200 hectares) of irrigated area.
ORCHARDS: Fruit orchards are negligible in the district, however, Average yield of Kharif fruits (Water Melon and Musk Melon) is 16.45 t / ha.
LIVE STOCK: For the health, breeding and care against epidemics of the live stock, the Government has established various institutions as well as following staff is working in District Lakki Marwat:
|S.N||Name of Veterinary Institution||No. of Institution|
|1.||Civil Veterinary Hospitals||03|
|2.||Civil Veterinary Dispensary||23|
|3.||Civil Veterinary Centre||14|
|4.||A.I. Centers (Artificial Insemination Centers)||20|
MINING: The precious minerals of the day like Uranium, Silica Sand, Lime Stone, Building Stone, Fire Clay; Gypsum, potter’s clay etc are found here on both sides of Kurram and Gambila rivers as well as Pezu hills.
TYPE OF MINERALS: Major Mineral is Silica Sand & Minor Minerals are Ordinary Sand & Bajri. Besides this Atomic Energy Commission at Qabool Khel in Lakki Marwat District is extracting Uranium and a fairly big project is going on there.
INDUSTRY: Major Industrial Units are:
- Lucky Cement Factory (Ltd) Dara Pezu
- Marwat Flour Mills, Serai Naurang
- Sarfaraz Flour Mills, Serai Naurang
- Marwat Dall Mills, Lakki Marwat
- Johar Dall Mills, Lakki Marwat
- Hayat Dall Mills, Shahbaz Khel
COMMUNICATION: Lakki Marwat District has a good network of Roads. The main road is N-55 Indus Highway and Additional Carriage Way from Gandi Chowk towards D.I.Khan upto Dara Pezu. This road passes through the middle of the district from North to South. The other main road of the district is Tajazai – Lakki – Dara Tang (Mianwali) Road and Lakki – Manjiwala link road of Pakhtunkhwa Highway Authority, having length of about 40 Kms. It links Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with Punjab via Isa Khel, Mianwali District, passing through Lakki city. At present there are 400 Kms of mettled maintained by Highways Department and 100 Kms of mettled roads by District Council in the rural areas.
The state of the roads of National Highways in District Lakki Marwat is in worse and dilapidated/pitiable condition especially N – 55 and Additional Carriage Way from Gandi Chowk Lakki to onward D.I.Khan and since its construction, proper utilization of the roads has not been observed.
The already constructed Additional Carriage Way is presently of no use as such one side of the road is used by two-way traffic, thus the negligence and inappropriate designing of local NHA authorities causes a loss of billions of Rupees to the government exchequer besides causing fatal/frequent accident and undisciplined traffic flow, damage of vehicles/public transport and losses of precious lives.
- ADMINISTRATIVE SETUP:
|Additional Deputy Commissioner||01|
|Additional Assistant Commissioner||03|
|No. of Tehsils||02 (Lakki & Naurang)|
|No. of Sub Tehsils||01 (Tajori)|
|Urban Union Councils||03 (Lakki-I, II & Naurang)|
|Rural Union Councils||29|
|District Council||01 (Lakki)|
|Municipal Committee||02 (Lakki & Naurang)|
POPULATION: (According to 1981 Census)
|Urban Population Percentage||12 %|
|Rural Population Percentage||88 %|
|Estimated Population upto 2014||750000 Persons|
LANGUAGE & DIALECTS:
The major language is Pashto (99 %), which is spoken throughout the district, where Marwat and Bhittanis have their own distinct dialects. Hindko is also spoken in Lakki town only.
|Lakki Marwat||DPO||SDPOs||Insp Legal||Insp||S.Is||A.S.Is||H.Cs||F.Cs|
|District & Session Judge||01|
|Additional District & Sessions Judge||02|
|Senior Civil Judge||01|
|Civil Judge cum Judicial Magistrate||05|
|S.N||KIND OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS||TOTAL SCHOOLS||MALE||FEMALE|
|2.||Government Higher Secondary Schools||10||09||01|
|3.||Government High Schools||77||56||21|
|4.||Government Middle Schools||99||54||45|
|5.||Government Primary Schools
Note: The No. of Male Primary Schools include 80 No. of Maktab Schools.
Male – 53 Percent
Female – 39 Percent
|S.N||NAME OF HEALTH FACILITY||NO. OF HEALTH FACILITY||NO. OF BEDS|
|1.||District Headquarter Hospital Lakki||01||200|
|2.||City Hospital at Lakki City||01||100|
|3.||Tehsil Headquarter Hospital Serai Naurang||01||100|
|4.||Civil Hospital Tajori||01||40 Beds|
|5.||Rural Health Centre||04||20 Beds Each|
|6.||Basic Health Units||28||–|
|7.||Mother Children Dispensaries||02||–|
|9.||Sub Health Centers||02||–|
In addition to the curative service, preventive services are also provided like Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) Malaria, Sanitation and Prime Minister’s Programme for family planning and Planning Health Care.
NUMBER OF TOWNS & VILLAGES: The following are the major towns & villages of the District.
|Name of City / Town / Village||Category / Status|
|Serai Naurang||Tehsil Headquarter|
|Dara Pezu||Small Town|
|Tajori||Sub Tehsil Headquarter|
|Tajazai||District Headquarter Complex comprising of various District Offices|
|Abba Khel||Thickly Populated village|
|Landiwah||Thickly Populated village|
Demography: Zero percent (0 %)
Ethnic / Tribal Relations:
Relations with the tribal are although normal and satisfactory, however seldom the people of F.R, Bhittani kidnap / hijack persons or vehicles for ransom, therefore resentment is prevailed in Marwat tribe as a re-action, which reconciled.
LANGUAGE & DIALECTS:
The major language is Pashto, which is spoken throughout the district. The Marwat and Bhittanis have their own distinct dialects. Hindko is also spoken in Lakki town only.
URBAN & RURAL PERCENTAGE:
Urban: 12 %
Rural: 88 %
OCCUPATIONS: The people of this district are almost poor and depend upon agriculture and manual labour. Major tribes of the district are Marwat and Bhittani but Wazir, Khattak and Awan people are also residing in it. The major source of earning in the area is cattle rearing, poultry, hides and labour. Only a small portion of educated inhabitants are employed / engaged in Government Departments.
From the business point of view, Lakki Marwat is situated on very important point as it links the Punjab province at Dara-Tang but the people being very poor are not in a position to avail this natural opportunity. They daily essential commodities are usually brought form other parts of the country except vegetable and dates.
IMPORTANT / HISTORICAL PLACES:
- Qabool Khel Atomic Energy Commission at Qabool Khel, District Lakki where Uranium like precious mineral is excavated and processed.
- Lucky Cement Factory, at Pezu, District Lakki Marwat.
- Pezu Mountains: It has sufficient height from the sea level and has a pleasant climate at the top. From these mountains limestone is excavated & used in Lucky Cement Factory, Pezu.
- Indus Highway: Indus Highway is also passes through this district. It enters form Karak District at Northern side & leads towards D.I.Khan District.
- Archeological Site: In Wanda Shahab Khel, District Lakki Marwat, very ancient coins and statues have been discovered / excavated and retained by Peshawar Museum now.
|Drinking Water Tube Wells||380|
|Percentage of Population Served||90 %|
The people of the district are mostly un-educated, therefore, most of them affiliated to their “Khans” than that of any political party. Prominent political groups are Saifullah Brothers, Ahmad Khel and JUI (F) group.
AVAILABILITY OF CIVIC AMENITIES:
ELECTRICITY: There are 04 Sub Divisions in the District:
PESCO Sub Division, Lakki
PESCO Sub Division, Serai Naurang
PESCO Sub Division, Dara Pezu
PESCO Sub Divison, Serai Gambila
The following three Grid Stations which feeds the consumers of this Division having source of supply from Daud Khel (Punjab), Tank duly connected with Bannu.
|KIND OF UTILITIES||CAPACITY / CONNECTIONS|
|Tajazai Grid Station||66 KV – Supply from Daud Khel Punjab|
|Serai Naurang Grid Station.||132 KV – Supply from Domail Bannu|
|Tajazai DHQ Complex Grid Station||132 KC – Supply from Domail Bannu|
|Pezu Grid Station||132 KV – Supply from Domail Bannu|
|B – 2||38|
|Tube Well Connections.||812|
|Electrification % in the District||95 % & Approximately|
GAS FACILITY & CONNECTION:
|KIND OF UTILITIES||CAPACITY / CONNECTIONS|
|Main Supply Transmission||01 at Wanda Kalan Lakki
01 at Serai Naurang
|TBS distribution points||01 at Lakki City
03 at Serai Naurang
|Domestic Gas Connection||4880|
|Commercial Gas Connection||19|
|Industrial Gas Connections||01|
|Total Gas Connections in District||4900|
POST OFFICES: There are One Head Post Office, 13 Sub Post Offices and 77 Branch Post Offices in Lakki Marwat District.
FR Lakki IN BRIEF
Category Wise Seats and Returned Candidates in Local Government Election 2015